Temporomandibular joint (TMJ) syndrome is a disorder that affects the jaw muscles and nerves. TMJ is a result of injury or inflammation to the TMJ. The temporomandibular joint is located somewhere in the jawbone; it is that joint that merges the jawbone and the skull.

A person with an injured or inflamed TMJ would find chewing painful. Such an individual would also experience frequent headaches, swelling on the sides of the face, nerve inflammation, migraines, tooth grinding, Eustachian tube dysfunction, and in severe cases, the dislocation of the TMJ.

Risk Factors Associated with TMJ

There are lots of risk factors associated with TMD (Temporomandibular joint disorder), which is also known as TMJ.

  • Bad posture in areas such as the neck and back muscles may result in strains in the neck and jaw muscle malfunction
  • Muscle function and jaw tightening may increase as a result of stress
  • Women around the ages of 18-44 are more prone to TMJ
  • Patients struggling with other acute inflammatory arthritis have a high risk of getting TMJ
  • Individuals who have a genetic predisposition to pain sensitivity and high-stress reactions may be more prone to TMJ

Causes of TMJ

The causes of TMJ are yet to be well understood by professionals in the medical field. There are several factors that contribute to muscle spasm and dysfunction that describes this condition. It is still unclear if TMJ has a direct link to some of these causes, or if they are as a result of the disorder. Below is some cause of TMJ:

  • Misalignment (malocclusion) or injury to the teeth or jaw.
  • The grinding of the teeth (bruxism)
  • Bad posture
  • Anxiety or constant stress
  • Inflammatory musculoskeletal disorders such as arthritis, etc.
  • Orthodontic braces
  • Chewing gum excessively

Signs and Symptoms of TMJ

The signs of TMJ are usually painful. Jaw pain is regarded as the primary symptom of TMJ. Other symptoms include:

  • Pains experienced in the tooth region similar to a toothache
  • Tightening of the jaw muscles
  • Pain underneath the tongue
  • Pain while chewing
  • Vertigo and dizziness
  • Pains in facial regions such as mouth, jaw, cheek, and chin
  • Sore jaw or sore neck muscles
  • Pain in the shoulder

TMJ is quite painful, but the good news is that it can be treated. With the appropriate TMJ treatment, you can get your health and happiness back. There are several symptoms of TMJ that respond well to some home remedies as well, so you can go for whichever suits you. TMJ can be diagnosed by either a primary care provider, like a family practitioner, internist, or a child’s pediatrician.